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Das Federal Reserve System [ˈfɛdə˞əl rɪˈzɜ˞ːv ˈsɪstəm] (deutsch Hauptsitz der Fed: Marriner S. Eccles Federal Reserve Board Building, Die größte ist die Federal Reserve Bank of New York in New York City, die auch als einzige. Die Federal Reserve Bank of New York ist eine der bedeutendsten der zwölf Regionalbanken, die zusammen das Federal Reserve System der USA bilden. Federal Reserve Bank of New York ist ein(e) geschossige(s) Hochhaus in New York City, New York, Building contains 14, tons of gold in the basement. Du hast 4 Möglichkeiten, von New York nach Federal Reserve Bank of New York Building zu kommen. Die Billigste ist per U-Bahn und kostet $2. Die Schnellste. Perfekte Federal Reserve Bank Of New York Building Stock-Fotos und -Bilder sowie aktuelle Editorial-Aufnahmen von Getty Images. Download hochwertiger.
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York and Sawyer were instructed to build around the Montauk Building while retaining long-term plans for total project completion.
Its beautiful rusticated ashlar facade with alternating blocks of limestone and sandstone is unique in New York City, and its monumentality and solidity combined with architectural detail convey an air of permanence and strength.
Besides making note of its impressive external architectural design and ornamental features, the commission drew attention to the grand entrance hall, vaulted ceilings, stone walls and ornamental ironwork in the public spaces of the Bank.
Given its close proximity to the World Trade Center, the New York Fed played an important role on September 11, , and in the days, weeks and months that followed.
In the immediate aftermath of the attack, the New York Fed ensured that essential trading and payments operations, and other critical banking and financial activities continued in the wake of the September 11, , attacks on the World Trade Center.
Though trading in government securities did effectively stop on September 11 and 12, settlement continued. The basic dollar payments systems never closed.
Although the money and foreign exchange markets were seriously disrupted, they also remained open. Even before the first tower collapsed, protection staff locked the vaults, secured the perimeters of the building and cleared a passageway through Maiden Lane so that emergency vehicles could more easily move from east to west toward the World Trade Center complex.
At first, because the building was so close to the World Trade Center, staff were encouraged to remain in the Bank until there was some assurance that it was safe for them to leave the building and until it was clear that some public transportation had been restored, which occurred later that day.
While much of the staff worked their way home, a core group of employees stayed on at the Bank to carry out essential Bank functions and to maintain communication with other Federal Reserve System and central bank colleagues around the world.
Late on September 12, employees were forced to leave the building because of concern that a nearby building at One Liberty Plaza might collapse, though staff were in place at contingency sites.
In the days and weeks after the attack, the Bank offered medical attention, shower facilities and free meals in the cafeteria daily to New York City police, fire department workers, the National Guard and other rescue workers in addition to Bank staff.
The New York Fed staff was grateful to be in a position to offer time and resources in support of the efforts of the September 11 rescue workers.
The Federal Reserve recognizes the importance of transparency to its financial stability efforts and broader public mission, and continuously reviews opportunities where additional disclosure might be made.
By the early s the modern-day New York Fed was straining the limits of its s era office facilities. The Main Building lacked modern data infrastructure and security equipment.
Cool air was supplied to offices by DC fans that dated back to the Thomas Edison era. It was time to address outstanding infrastructure and safety issues—like removing existing asbestos, and to modernize and restore this historic landmark.
The period of to was unprecedented for the amount of work and activity within the Bank as a result of the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression.
As the New York Fed responded to staff expansion and work-space needs to accommodate approximately staff hired during the crisis to support increased demand in markets, bank supervision and other areas of operation , construction was finishing on other parts of the building.
The most recent phase of the floor-by-floor modernization was the 10th and 11th floor restoration and support area consolidation.
The renovations were aimed at making floors more functional, safe and flexible by upgrading the infrastructure and technology while preserving and respecting their historic character, and expending resources in a prudent and efficient manner.
All modernization efforts were done while the building remained occupied and fully operational. The floors have been reconfigured and upgraded to include new electrical, telecommunication, data, cable, fire alarm, sprinkler, elevator, air conditioning and ventilation systems—some of which were necessary improvements from the antiquated systems that dated from the s.
The phase also included upgrading conference rooms—including a multipurpose room with flexible configurations for meetings, Federal Reserve System conferences, seminars and crisis management—a new reception area to receive visitors, approximately 10, square feet of space recaptured for office space, and a new interior stairway to connect the 10th floor and 11th floor meeting facilities to improve traffic flow.
The 10th and 11th floor restoration and support area consolidation consisted of five separate projects combined to take advantage of economies of scale and reduce cost.
These projects included the restoration of historic features, the main hallway and Multipurpose Room on the 10th Floor; support space consolidation to improve layout efficiency; replacement and modernization of all antiquated systems, which were part of the broader modernization program for example, electrical, telecommunication, fire alarm systems, etc.
The offices of the president and first vice president were materially lower, given the restoration, rather than replacement, of the floors, walls, ceilings and furniture.
In addition, every care was taken to reuse or refurbish furniture to keep cost savings down for example, furniture from the Bank's Buffalo Branch, which was closed in October of , was repurposed in the Main building.
The BOMA Performance designation recognizes commercial properties that are managed to the highest standards and demonstrate excellence in building operations.
Operations and Procurement: Documenting green purchasing requirements and buying and using green cleaning supplies. Security: Conducting advanced evacuation drills and documenting security procedures and preparation programs.
Prevention: Implementing an advanced preventative maintenance and tracking program to lower environmental and economic risks. Community Programs: Offering community involvement programs focused on mentoring, job skills and reading.
Landmark Status and National Registry. A comprehensive review and approval process , incorporating multiple layers of technical and financial approvals, competitive tenders, pre- and post-benchmarking best practices borrowed from comparable projects and third-party assessments, was employed throughout the program to ensure value optimization.
The Modernization Phase Existing lighting fixtures and rare artwork original to the building were removed, refurbished, and reinstalled; In an effort to balance historic preservation with modernized and environmentally-friendly facilities, the Bank reused existing wood doors, paneling and trim work, which was removed, restored and then reinstalled.
Custom House for the Port of New York. The current national memorial commemorates the historic events that occurred at the previous structure.
In , John Peter Zenger , an American newspaper publisher, was arrested for committing libel against the British royal governor and was imprisoned and tried there.
His acquittal on the grounds that the material he had printed was true established freedom of the press as it was later defined in the Bill of Rights.
Drawn together for the first time in organized opposition to British policy, the attendees drafted a message to King George III , the House of Lords , and the House of Commons , claiming entitlement to the same rights as the residents of Britain and protesting the colonies' " taxation without representation ".
After the American Revolution , the City Hall served as the meeting place for the Congress of the Confederation of the United States under the Articles of Confederation from until Acts adopted here included the Northwest Ordinance , which set up what would later become the states of Ohio , Indiana , Illinois , Michigan and Wisconsin , but more fundamentally prohibited slavery in these future states.
In , the building was remodeled and enlarged under the direction of Pierre Charles L'Enfant ,  who was later selected by President George Washington to design the capital city on the Potomac River.
This was the first example of Federal Style architecture in the United States. The 1st Congress met there beginning on March 4, , and George Washington was inaugurated as the first President of the United States on the balcony of the building on April 30, Many of the most important legislative actions in the United States occurred with the 1st Congress at Federal Hall.
Foremost was the proposal and initial ratification of the Bill of Rights to the U. Constitution; twelve amendments to the Constitution were initially drafted ten were later adopted , and on September 25, , the United States Bill of Rights was proposed in Federal Hall, establishing the freedoms claimed by the Stamp Act Congress on the same site 24 years earlier.
In an eleventh of the initial 12 proposed amendments was adopted as the 27th Amendment. Also, the Judiciary Act of was enacted in the building, which set up the United States federal court system that is still in use today.
In , the United States capital was moved to Philadelphia , and what had been Federal Hall once again housed the government of New York City until , when the building was razed with the opening of the current New York City Hall.
It opened in Millions of dollars of gold and silver were kept in the basement vaults until the Federal Reserve Bank replaced the Sub-Treasury system in In the Wall Street bombing of , a bomb was detonated across the street of Federal Hall now numbered 26 at 23 Wall Street , in what became known as The Corner.
Thirty-eight people were killed and injured, and 23 Wall Street was visibly damaged, but Federal Hall received no damage. In , Federal Hall National Memorial reopened.
As a national memorial, the site is open free to the public from 9 a. It has tourist information about the New York Harbor area's federal monuments and parks, and a New York City tourism information center.
The gift shop has colonial and early American items for sale. Normally its exhibit galleries are open free to the public daily, except national holidays, and guided tours of the site are offered throughout the day.
Two prominent American ideals are reflected in the current building's Greek Revival architecture : The Doric columns of the facade, designed by Ithiel Town and Alexander Jackson Davis , resemble those of the Parthenon and serve as a tribute to the democracy of the Greeks ; the domed ceiling inside, designed by John Frazee , echoes the Pantheon and is evocative of the republican ideals of the ancient Romans.
The current structure is often overshadowed among downtown landmarks by the New York Stock Exchange , which is located diagonally across Wall and Broad Streets, but the site is one of the most important in the history of the United States and, particularly, the foundation of the United States government and its democratic institutions.
Engraved renditions of Federal Hall appear twice on U. The first stamp showing Federal Hall was issued on April 30, , the th anniversary of President Washington's inauguration, where he is depicted on the balcony of Federal Hall taking the oath of office.
The second issue was released in , the th anniversary of Alexander Hamilton's birth. This issue depicts Alexander Hamilton and a full view of Federal Hall.
Federal Hall is open from 9 a. The monument is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of via a ramp at its rear. Plaque commemorating the Northwest Ordinance and the establishment of the state of Ohio.
The Wall Street bombing , with the sub-treasury building in the background at right. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. United States historic place.
Federal Hall National Memorial. National Register of Historic Places. National Memorial. National Park Service. March 13, December 21, Retrieved June 25, May 27, Custom House".
Retrieved October 25, September 5, Archived from the original on November 20, Retrieved August 27, National Archives.
December 14, Retrieved August 30, ABC News. The White House. National Park Service ". Retrieved August 15, Links to related articles.
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